165. Number of directorships

(1) No person, after the commencement of this Act, shall hold office as a director,

including any alternate directorship, in more than twenty companies at the same time:

Provided that the maximum number of public companies in which a person can be

appointed as a director shall not exceed ten.

Explanation. For reckoning the limit of public companies in which a person can be

appointed as director, directorship in private companies that are either holding or subsidiary

company of a public company shall be included.

(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), the members of a company may, by

special resolution, specify any lesser number of companies in which a director of the

company may act as directors.

(3) Any person holding office as director in companies more than the limits as specified

in sub-section (1), immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, within a period of

one year from such commencement,

(a) choose not more than the specified limit of those companies, as companies in

which he wishes to continue to hold the office of director;

(b) resign his office as director in the other remaining companies; and

(c) intimate the choice made by him under clause (a), to each of the companies in

which he was holding the office of director before such commencement and to the

Registrar having jurisdiction in respect of each such company.

(4) Any resignation made in pursuance of clause (b) of sub-section (3) shall become

effective immediately on the despatch thereof to the company concerned.

(5) No such person shall act as director in more than the specified number of


(a) after despatching the resignation of his office as director or non-executive

director thereof, in pursuance of clause (b) of sub-section (3); or

(b) after the expiry of one year from the commencement of this Act,

whichever is earlier.

(6) If a person accepts an appointment as a director in contravention of

sub-section (1), he shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than five thousand

rupees but which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees for every day after the first

during which the contravention continues.