12. Registered office of company
(1) A company shall, on and from the fifteenth day of its incorporation and at all
times thereafter, have a registered office capable of receiving and acknowledging all
communications and notices as may be addressed to it.
(2) The company shall furnish to the Registrar verification of its registered office
within a period of thirty days of its incorporation in such manner as may be prescribed.
(3) Every company shall—
(a) paint or affix its name, and the address of its registered office, and keep the
same painted or affixed, on the outside of every office or place in which its business is
carried on, in a conspicuous position, in legible letters, and if the characters employed
therefor are not those of the language or of one of the languages in general use in that
locality, also in the characters of that language or of one of those languages;
(b) have its name engraved in legible characters on its seal;
(c) get its name, address of its registered office and the Corporate Identity
Number along with telephone number, fax number, if any, e-mail and website addresses,
if any, printed in all its business letters, billheads, letter papers and in all its notices and
other official publications; and
(d) have its name printed on hundies, promissory notes, bills of exchange and
such other documents as may be prescribed:
Provided that where a company has changed its name or names during the last two
years, it shall paint or affix or print, as the case may be, along with its name, the former name
or names so changed during the last two years as required under clauses (a) and (c):
Provided further that the words ‘‘One Person Company’’ shall be mentioned in brackets
below the name of such company, wherever its name is printed, affixed or engraved.
(4) Notice of every change of the situation of the registered office, verified in the
manner prescribed, after the date of incorporation of the company, shall be given to the
Registrar within fifteen days of the change, who shall record the same.
(5) Except on the authority of a special resolution passed by a company, the registered
office of the company shall not be changed,—
(a) in the case of an existing company, outside the local limits of any city, town
or village where such office is situated at the commencement of this Act or where it
may be situated later by virtue of a special resolution passed by the company; and
(b) in the case of any other company, outside the local limits of any city, town or
village where such office is first situated or where it may be situated later by virtue of
a special resolution passed by the company:
Provided that no company shall change the place of its registered office from the
jurisdiction of one Registrar to the jurisdiction of another Registrar within the same State
unless such change is confirmed by the Regional Director on an application made in this
behalf by the company in the prescribed manner.
(6) The confirmation referred to in sub-section (5) shall be communicated within a
period of thirty days from the date of receipt of application by the Regional Director to the
company and the company shall file the confirmation with the Registrar within a period of
sixty days of the date of confirmation who shall register the same and certify the registration
within a period of thirty days from the date of filing of such confirmation.
(7) The certificate referred to in sub-section (6) shall be conclusive evidence that all
the requirements of this Act with respect to change of registered office in pursuance of subsection
(5) have been complied with and the change shall take effect from the date of the
(8) If any default is made in complying with the requirements of this section, the
company and every officer who is in default shall be liable to a penalty of one thousand
rupees for every day during which the default continues but not exceeding one lakh rupees.